Hindu Weapons and Their Classification
Hindu history is a history of defeats at the hands of the foreign marauders and their mercenary soldiers. They had better arms and ammunition and the wickedness to exploit Hindu differences among themselves. They always banked upon the bitterness which prevailed in different caste groups of the Hindu society. The social divisions in the Hindu society are reflected in the quality of arms and ammunitions. A look at the arms and armoury of His Highness the Gaekwar of Baroda would reveal it.
“Besides, there are some swords of hybrid variety.”
(i) Brahman Talwar: The sword of Brahmin kind is superior. Its tone is melodious. Even a slight wound caused by it makes the body ache, causes inflammation, brings on delirium, engenders thirst, causes burning, and the rising temperature puts an end to the wounded man’s life.”
“The Brahman sword was manufactured in the Himayalays and “Kusha-Dweepa” (one of the seven islands on the earth, according to Indian mythology.) p.111.
(ii) Khshatriya Talwar: A sword with a smoky colour, sharp edge and fine tone is called a “Kshatriya” sword. It does not lose its brightness for a long time even if it is not polished; when rubbed against a grinding stone, innumerable sparks come out of it. Its wound increases thrist and causes burning. It leads to constipation and arrest of urine and brings on fever; delirium increases and the victim sometimes succumbs to death.
(iii) Vaishya Sword: The “Vaishya” sword is of blue and balck colour. When sharpened it appears lustrous. However, without whetting, its edge does not remain sharp. Its tone has a lower pitch.
(iv) Shoodra Sword: A sword which is of yellowish or cloudy colour in appearance, whose edge is very sharp, which has a shrill tone and which takes a long time to whet, is called a “Shoodra” sword. (p.111)
excerpts from: Shree Pratap Shastragar (Armoury of His Highness the Maharaja of Sir Pratapsingh Gaekwar of Baroda) by Raj Priya, Raj Ratna, Prof. Manikrao, Baroda (Translated into English by Vaman Chintraman Tavakar, B.A.) Published by Comptroller of Household, Department of H.H. The Maharaja Saheb of Baroda.
A.L.RAWAL, ASSOCIATE PROFESSOR, DCAC, UNIVERSITY OF DELHI