THE CONQUEROR CONQUERED
Crescent in India (A Study in Medieval History by S.R.Sharma, Sanjay Prakashan, 533/31, Subash Mohalla, Gandhi Nagar, Delhi 110037) has this to say about the Indian conquest by the Arabs and their after-effects. The Arabs had no civilisation worth the name. Their only merit was their skill in war to occupy the lands and properties of others including women. Such a civlisation can hardly be called a civilisation. It was a conglomerate of barbarians which swooped upon India and brought all kinds of miseries upon peace-loving people of this country.
“India today is the biggest Islamic country in the world. In the province of Bengal alone there are more Muslims than in Arabia, Turkey, and Persia put together. Yet are these Muhammadans a minority in this country, there being four Hindus to every Musalman. This after at least a thousand years of determined Muslim rule (712-1712 AD) acompanied by incessant proselytizing activity spread over a longer period. It is a unique phenomenon in human history which cannot be challenge thought for explanation.” (p.40)
“They (the Arabs) had not come to Sind as pioneers of civilization; they were merely the sword-arm of a militant faith. There was hardly any culture in them. Hence they could destroy, but not build. The Arabs were intellecually and emotionally sharp, but excepting poetry they had no arts to speak of, not even the art of building up an enduring state.” (p41)
“From India, therefore, the Arabs took away more than the wealth they had taken in war…. The cultural treasures of India… were the richest plunder that the Arab invaders got.” (p.41)
“During the Caliphate of Al-Mansur (745 to 775 A.D.), for example, the ‘Brahma Siddhanta’ and ‘Khanda-Khalaha’ of Brahma-gupta were translated from Samskrit into Arabic by Faziri with the assistance of Indian scholars. According to Tabigiri, Caliph Harun-al-Rashid was cured of an obstinate malady by an Indian physician.” (p.42)
“Sind was Hind in miniature. The annals of the Arabs in that province were the epitome of the fortunes of Islam in India. The Crescent on the horizon was indeed destined to rise to the zenith of the Imperial sky, but it was to remain only a crescent and not the full moon.”(p.42)
Compiled by A.L.RAWAL Associated Professor DU