MEASURES TAKEN FOR THE WELFARE OF MUSLIMS IN POST INDEPENDENT INDIA

Hindus have been at the receiving end ever since Independence. They made most sacrifices during the freedom struggle but are denied the fruits of freedom. British used to fine whole villages in times of riots demanding freedom. Only Hindus had to pay this fine while Muslims and Government servants (mostly Christians) were exempt from paying this fine.
 
Those who migrated to India in 1947 were not received well. The properties owned by the British officers were given away to the locals at throw-away price because the British officer running away from India only wanted to meet their expenses covering the sea-journey etc. All properties in Civil Lines areas of all major cities of India were given away at cheap rates to local rich people or abandoned. A cursory look at the name plates outside the bungalows in Civil Lines of Delhi or other cities would show that real independence came to the rich of the country while the poor of the country were robbed off their dignity, their homes and hearths and made paupers. Muslims also gained a lot at the time of independence and after. They gained Pakistan and continue to gain in India also while Hindus have become poor and are decimated in Pakistan and Bangladesh. But in India they flourish thanks to the division among Hindus in the name of Democracy. Hindus must unite otherwise they shall be soon enslaved again. It is a question of their freedom now which is under sever threat than ever before. The following article from Jansangh Today would prove it.

Measures Taken for the Welfare of Muslims in Post Independent India

Background: Ever since the Congress-led UPA government came into  power in 2004, a number of commissions/committees including a separate Ministry of Minority Affairs were set up to look into the demands of the Muslims. In this context, it needs to be recalled that some 65 years ago, in 1947, the Muslims of India had forced he division of India into Hindustan ad Pakistan. In the elections held in 1945-46 Muslims led by the provinces of Bihar, Bombay and United Provinces had overwhelmingly voted for the creation of Pakistan, a separate homeland for the sub-continental Ummah. The Congress party led by Mahatama Gandhi had agreed to the vivisection of India mainly for two considerations as recorded by V.P.Menon, the Reforms Commissioner, Government of India, in his book, The Transfer of Power in India: a) It was clear from the unyielding attitude of the Muslim League that a united India would either be delayed or could only be won at the cost of a civil war; and, b) it was hoped that the establishment of a separate Muslim State would finally settle the communal problem which had for so long, bedevilled Indian politics and thwarted all progressive aspirations, and that India and Pakistan would afterwards live in peaceful relations with each other…..The fact of the matter, however, is that even after 65 years of division of India, these expectations have yet to be realised. We have communal conflicts every now and then. India has since fought four wars with Pakistan on the issue of Kashmir. Most of the problems that bedevils India today would not have been there, had Gandhi and Nehru agreed to Jinnah’s proposal for exchange of population between Hindustan and Pakistan.

Between 1906 and 1940, Muslims of India had extracted all kinds of concessions from the British rulers on the ground that they were a Minority. Gandhi, to get the cooperation of the Muslim League, had fully supported the demands of the Muslims. However, the Muslims led by the Muslim League were not satisfied with this arrangement. In March, 1940, they declared themselves as a Nation. From then on, Muslim League demanded equality between Hindus and Muslims. That is, 25 percent Muslims were to be treated as equal to 75 percent Hindus. Based on the concept of a separate Nation, they demanded the division of India. Pakistan came into being in 1947. The Muslims of India, however, did not leave for Pakistan nor were they asked to do so. On the other hand, Pakistan made sure that Hindus/Sikhs were driven out of Pakistan. At present, they barely constitute Pakistan’s one percent of Pakistan’s population. On the contrary, Muslims in India now form roughly 15 percent of its population.

 UPA’s Government’s Appeasement Policy:

 

There is a world of difference between the appeasement policy pursued by Gandhi towards the Muslim League and that followed by the UPA government since 2004. Gandhi had sacrificed HIndu interest for the sake of obtaining Muslim cooperation in his fight for freedom from the British. The UPA government has pursued the MUSLIMS FIRST policy to garner Muslim votes and stay in power. Little wonder, Hindus are discriminated and feel that ultimately the cost of implementing programmes meant for Muslims is borne by the Hindus.

Measures

Ministry of Minority Affairs was created in January 2006 to make sure a more focused approach towards issues on minorities. The Constitution of India does not indicate the names of minorities in India. It is only later that a certain sections of the people were identified as minorities. Subjects allocated to the Ministry as per second schedule to the Government of India (Allocation of Business) Rules, 1961 are as many as 19 in number. These, among others, include: All matters on minority communities except matters relating to law and order, policy initiatives for protection of minorities; matters relating to National Commission for Minorities Act; work relating to Evacuee Waqf Act, 1995; Employment opportunities for minorities; National Commission for Social and Economically Backward Section among Religious and Linguistic Minorities; Prime Minister’s new 15-Points Programmes for Minorities.

Considering the functions of the Ministry, it amounts to the setting up of a parallel government for certain sections of the Indian population. The British ruled India for two hundred years and they had never felt the need for setting up a Ministry/Department to look after the needs of the minorities. India was partitioned in 1947 on the demand of the Muslims. Where was then the need to set up a separate Ministry for them in independent India? The Janta Government had already set up a National Commission for Minorities.

The National Commission for Religious and Linguistic Minorities headed by Justice Ranganath Mishra was set up in 2004. It submitted its report in 2009 and this was laid in Parliament in December, 2010. In regard to reservation, the Commission has made the following recommendations:

1) Since the minorities — especially the Muslims are very much under-represented in government employment, we recommend that they should be regarded as backward within the meaning of that term as used in Article 16(4) of the Constitution — notably without qualifying the word backward with the words socially and educationally and that 15 percent of posts in all cadres and grades under the Central and State Government should be earmarked as: Out of the 15 percent, 10 percent for Muslims and remaining 5 percent for other minorities… As an alternative we recommend, that since according to the Mandal Commission Report minorities constitute 8.4 percent of the total OBC population, in the 27 percent OBC quota a 8.4 percent sub-quota be earmarked for minorities — 6 percent for Muslims and 2.4 percent for other minorities…. Para 3 of the Constitution (Scheduled Castes) Order 1950 be wholly deleted and make the Scheduled Castes net fully religion neutral.

Sachar Committee:

 In 2005, a High Level Committee to determine the Social, Economic and Education status of Muslims was set up under Justice Rajendra Sachar. Follow-up action on its recommendations is being taken by various Ministries of the government of India: For example: a) All public sector banks have been directed to open more branches in districts having a substantial minority population. A total of 2111 branches have been opened since 2007-2008. b) Under the Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya (KGBV) all KGBV’s sanctioned for minority concentration districts have been operationalised. c) It is proposed to open one model college in the 374 educationally backward districts. Of this, 67 are in identified minority concentration districts. d) The University Grants Commission (UGC) has sanctioned 233 women’s hostels in 19 minority concentration districts. e) For access to higher education, certificates issued by the State Madrasa Boards would be considered equal to those given by the CBSE and COBSE in India. f) Expert group has submitted its report on the structure and functions of an Equal Opportunity Commission (EOC). This is being processed. g) An-Inter ministerial Task Force has been constituted to devise action plan for developing 338 identified towns having substantial minority population.

Minority Concentration Districts: In 1987, a list of 41 minority concentration districts was drawn up by minority population of 20 percent or more in a district as per 1971 census. Based on 2001 census, the process of identification of minority concentration districts has been carried out as follows: a) Districts with a minority population of at least 25 percent of the total population. b) Districts having a minority population exceeding 5 lakh and the percentage of minority population exceeding 20 percent but less than 25 percent. ninety (90) Minority Concentration Districts having a substantial minority population which are relatively backward were identified in 2007.

                                                                  courtesy: Jansangh Today, December 2011.

While so much is being done for the Muslim minorities nothing is done for those refugees who came from Pakistan. They were maltreated in the office Pandit Nehru. His staff openly demanded bribe from them. One of them complained to Nehru to which Nehru replied that if he replaced the corrupt employee the next who would come in his place would also demand bribe. This criminal attitude of the first Prime Minister has left scars on the minds of the people who are citizens of India.

A.L.Rawal

 Associate Professor, DCAC, University of Delhi

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