There was deep-seated bias of the Muslims against the Hindus even before India became free of the British yoke. They did not want India to be independent before their share of land and means had been guaranteed to them. It is for this reason that Jinnah declared that Hindus and Muslims were two separate nations and could not live together. He demanded Pakistan on the point of gun and got it. He threatened civil war if Pakistan was not acceded to.
Excerpts from: “The Men Who Ruled India” by Philip Mason, Time Books International, New Delhi: Reprint, 1985:
Sir Sayyed Ahmad Khan also rejected the idea of majority rule after independence.
” ……..Sir Sayyad Ahmad saw that majority rule would mean Hindu rule; he rejected the prospect. The Conflict was clearly stated in the first days of the Congress. A beginning had been made to the recession of British power, a healthy and natural development. But no one yet perceived that this meant a struggle that was to split India and to destroy the unity that had been achieved.” (p.255,)
“Muslim India had already begun to display a deep distrust of the undiscriminating liberalism which, they believed, would mean the reign of the moneylender and the Brahman. Finally, Indians were beginning to perceive that, even in his own field of examinations and newspapers and the ballot-box, the Englishman could be met and forced to suffer a reverse…….”(p.265)