Translation by Sri Aurobindo
Rishi Bankim Chandra Chattopadhya created Vande Mataram on 7th Sept. 1882.
HE Media Centre : Kolkata :: Rishi Bankim Chandra Chattopadhya created Vande Mataram on 7th Sept. 1882. This was mostly influenced the Indian Freedom Struggle against British as a lightening spirit of all inspiration of Nationalism in modern India. Vande Mataram was finally set in Bankim’s most revolutionary novel Anandamath. Anandamath and Vande Mataram are considered as the seeds of Hindu Rashtravad (HINDU STATE IDEOLOGY). And as per Sri Aurobinda, Sanatan Dharma is the Nationalism in India. Dr. Hedgewad declared this Nation as an undisputed HINDU NATION.
Though it is the mother source of all patriotism and Indian Nationalism in modern time, the hymn of Vande Mataram has been truncated by the Congress betrayers for the cause o Muslim appeasement. All the Hindus and the ardent Nationalists should sing the complete hymns of Vande Mataram with full veneration all along. But for keeping the spirit of our regards high to this ever delightful song of synthesis of Bhratiya Tradition, Culture, Heritage and Nationalism, we should sing this song fully on 7th September by observing Vande Mataram Day everywhere in this country. In such way, our future generation will come up to take an oath to preserve Vande Mataram intact from the attack of Congress and the fundamental maroons. VANDE MATARAM.
Maharishi Shri Aurtobindo Ghosh (1872-1950)
Cover page of the book of 1923.
First page of Vande MataramPublished in CAWNPORE in 1923
A truly magnificent tribute was paid by Shri.Aurobindo to Shri.Bankim Chandra Chaterjee in the following words: “When posterity comes to crown with her praises for the Makers of India, she will place her most splendid laurel not on the sweating temples of a place-hunting politician, not on the narrow forehead of a noisy social reformer, but on the serene brow of that gracious Bengali Shri.Bankim Chandra Chatterjee, who never clamoured for place or power, but did his work in silence for love of his work, even as nature does, and just because he had no aim but to give out the best that was in him, was able to CREATE A LANGUAGE, A LITERATURE AND A NATION”.
Hail Mother, I bow to thee!
Nature supplies thee with all thy wants,
With Sweet Water.
And with luscious fruits
Shashya Shyamalam Mataram
Thou art soothed by balmy breeze
Ever verdant with green herbage
शुभ्र ज्योत्स्ना पुलकित यामिनीम्
Thy nights ever resplendent with silver moons
फुल्ल कुसुमित द्रुमदलशोभिनीम्
Bedecked thou art in flowery plants
Ever cheerful, ever bright
सुखदां वरदां मातरम्
Full of promise and of hope;
Mother, thou bestoweth sweet pleasure
and happiness divine
सप्तकोटि कण्ठ कलकल निनाद कराले
द्विसप्त कोटि भुजैर्ध्रत खरकरवाले
Thy cause championed thy thirty crores of souls,
Twice thirty crores of arms to defend thee
के बोले मा तुमी अबलेके बोले मा तुमी अबले
Who says mother thou art feeble?
Thou commandest immense strength
Our salvation lies in thee;
(Hail mother I bow to thee!)
Thou hast power to ward off foes,
Mother I bow to thee
श्यामलां सरलां सुस्मितां भूषिताम्
धरणीं भरणीं मातरम्
Shyamalam saralam Susmitam Bhushitam
Dharaneem Bharaneem MataramEver happy and ever simple
Ever bright and ever beautiful
Thou our support, our nourishment,
I bow to thee.
Painting of Bharat-Mata by Shri.Abanindranath Tagore
“Vande Mataram was composed even before the “Ananda Math” was written. However, it became part of the Ananda Math. Here it is necessary to stress the similarities between the Indian National Movement and the Irish Nationalist Movement. Just as the Irish Nationalist Movement inspired by great poets like W.B.Yeats had its beginnings in the Gaelic Revival, so was Shri.Aurobindo’s English translation of Vande Mataram triggered off by Bankim Chandra’s song. As Shri Aurobindo put it, ‘it was Bankim Chandra’s “Ananda Math” that gave us the reviving mantra of ‘Vande Mataram’—a glorious mantra which is creating a new India.” And Shri.Aurobindo developed this point in his own characteristically eloquent stream: “For what is a nation? What is our mother country? It is not a piece of earth, nor a figure of speech nor a fiction of the mind. It is a mighty ‘Shakti’ composed of all the ‘Shakties’ of all the millions of units that make up the nation, just as Bhawani, Mahisha, Mardini sprang into being from the Shakti of all the millions of Gods assembled in one mass of force and welded into unity. The Shakti we call India, Bhawani-Bharathi is the living unity of the Shakties of 300 million people”…..For Vande Mataram expresses the aims and power of the Indian Nation as the Marseillaise embodied the ideal of awakened France or as the aspirations of Ireland are expressed in the song of Ethana Carberry.”
Vande Mataram is something more than the defense of the Motherland. It is a song of struggle for liberty and preservation of our cultural heritage. I am presenting below a beautiful painting of BHARATA-MATA done byShri.Abanindranath Tagore (Bengali: অবণীন্দ্রনাথ ঠাকুর) (August 7, 1871 – December 5, 1951), who was the principal artist of the Bengal school and the first major exponent of swadeshi values in Indian art. Shri.Abanindranath Tagorebelieved that Western art was “materialistic” in character, and that India needed to return to its own traditions in order to recover spiritual values. Shri.Abanindranath Tagore’s famous painting of BHARAT-MATA was done during the stormy days of the Swadeshi Movement in Bengal in 1905 following the Partition of Bengal brought about by Lord Curzon,the then Viceroy of India. This beautiful painting of BHARAT-MATA was inspired by the sublime National Song of Vande Mataram composed by Shri.Bankim Chandra Chatterjee.