The central government had taken a decision — Pakistan will not be given Rs 55 crores. On January 13 Gandhi started a fast unto death that Pakistan must be given the money. On January 13, the central government changed its earlier decision and announced that Pakistan would be given the amount. On January 13, Nathuram decided to assassinate Gandhi.

Nathuram Godse was a learned man, very sharp and intelligent – editor of “Agrani” (one of the most famous newspaper of that time – with Nana Aapte). In his last editorial of “Agrani” which he changed overnight – he said “Gandhi must be stopped – at any cost” and he justified why Gandhiji’s assassination was not only inevitable but also a delayed action, sth tht shud’ve happened LONG AGO.

 In Nathuram’s words – “ I don’t refute Gandhi’s theory of non-violence. He may be a saint but he is not a politician. His theory of non-violence denies self-defence and self-interest. The non-violence that defines the fight for survival as violence is a theory not of non-violence but of self-destruction.The division of the nation was an unnecessary decision. What was the percentage of the Muslim population as compared to the population of the nation? There was no need for a separate nation. Had it been a just demand, Maulana Azad would not have stayed back in India. But because Jinnah insisted and because Gandhi took his side, India was divided, in spite of opposition from the nation, the Cabinet. An individual is never greater than a nation.

In a democracy you cannot put forward your demands at knife-point. Jinnah did it and Gandhi stabbed the nation with the same knife. He dissected the land and gave a piece to Pakistan. We did picket that time but in vain. The Father of our Nation went to perform his paternal duties for Pakistan! Gandhi blackmailed the cabinet with his fast unto death. His body, his threats to die are causing the destruction — geographical as well as economical — of the nation. Today, Muslims have taken a part of the nation, tomorrow Sikhs may ask for Punjab. The religions are again dividend into castes, they will demand sub-divisions of the divisions. What remains of the concept of one nation, national integration? Why did we fight the British in unison for independence? Why not separately? Bhagat Singh did not ask only for an independent Punjab or Subhash Chandra Bose for an independent Bengal?

I am going to assassinate him in the open, before the public, because I am going to do it as my duty. If I do it surreptitiously, it becomes a crime in my own eyes. I will not try to escape, I will surrender and naturally I will be hanged. One assassination, one hanging. I don’t want two executions for one assassination and I don’t want your involvement, participation or company. (This was for Nana-Apte and Veer Savarkar as they were against ghandhi’s policies too, Godse wanted to assassinate gandhi all by himself and took promise from Nana Apte that he will continue helping Veer Savarkar in rebuilding India as a strong free nation.)

On January 30, I reached Birla Bhavan at 12 pm. Gandhi was sitting outside on a cot enjoying the sunshine. Vallabhbhai Patel’s granddaughter was sitting at his feet. I had the revolver with me. I could have assassinated him easily then, but I was convinced that his assassination was to be a punishment and a sentence against him, and I would execute him. I wanted witnesses for the execution but there were none. I did not want to escape after the execution as there was not an iota of guilt in my mind. I wanted to surrender, but surrender to whom? There was a good crowd to collect for the evening prayers. I decided on the evening of January 30 as the date for Gandhi’s execution.

Gandhi climbed the steps and came forward. He had kept his hands on the shoulders of the two girls. I wanted just three seconds more. I moved two steps forward and faced Gandhi. Now I wanted to take out the revolver and salute him for whatever sacrifice and service he had made for the nation. One of the two girls was dangerously close to Gandhi and I was afraid that she might be injured in the course of firing. As a precautionary measure I went one more step ahead, bowed before him and gently pushed the girl away from the firing line. The next moment I fired at Gandhi. Gandhi was very weak, there was a feeble sound like ‘aah’ (There are proof that Gandhi did NOT say “Hey Raam” at that time – it’s just made up stuff ) from him and he fell down.

After the firing I raised my hand holding the revolver and shouted, ‘Police, police’. For 30 seconds nobody came forward and I scanned the crowd. I saw a police officer. I signalled to him to come forward and arrest me. He came and caught my wrist, then a second man came and touched the revolver… I let it go…”

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  1. Anil Gupta,Meerut,India says:

    In a democracy people have a right to know differing political views. In the case of Godse as well his views should be made known to the people of country. Undoubtedly, Gandhi was a great mass awakener. He aroused people against the British rule. It is foolish to think that the country got freedom due to him. It was the efforts of Azad Hind Fauz, Navy revolt, and international pressure on Churchill that paved the way for India’s freedom. The then US President FDR was instrumental in it. He bluntly told Churchill to grant freedom to all colonies held by Britain, particularly India. He brought in the subject of freedom in Atlanta Conference and Yalta Summit. But it is not to say that the role of Indian freedom fighters was unimportant. Primarily, it was the efforts of Revolutionaries from seventeenth century onwards who sacrificed their lives for the freedom of the motherland. Congress, as is well known, was conceived by a British officer A.O.Hume as a safety valve to channelise the growing anger of the people of India against the British Rule. It was the entry of Tilak and other nationalists in the Congress which changed its stance. Gandhi came to India only in 1916 and soon thereafter started appeasement of the Muslims. So much so that his first mass movement, Khilafat Movement , had nothing to do with Indian independence. All his major movements were big failures. May be after one century or two a fair and impartial assessment of Gandhi may be done. Because presently Gandhi is enthroned as demi-God.But the ideology of anti Gandhists too should be taught in colleges as a part of Syllabus to enable students about the differing political views. The philosophy and writings of Godse too deserves a better deal. It should propogated by an appropriate forum say as Hindu Vichar Manch or Godse Forum or something like that.The statement of Godse before the triasl court should also be propogated. After that, it is reportedthat, Justice Khosla who was hearing the case had opined that had the question of Godse’s conviction be put before the mass present before the trial court they would have unanimously declared him NOT GUILTY..


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